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During these years there was another interesting event in Cambridge, and I should like to go back to Norbert Wiener. Here again I was a spectator; it must have been around 1946 or 1947. The rumor had spread that there were new computers that were like the human brain. Harvard sponsored a meeting in Emerson Hall at which the three principal speakers were von Neumann, Wiener, and Rashevsky. This was a public lecture, and the lecture room only held 500 people. There must have been 1000 more standing outside.

11, Sir Robert Robinson (Ox); 13, J. M. ); 16, Peter J. ). ] PIONEERING WORK ON COMPUTERS AT BLETCHLEY 39 Home Guard. He never mentioned any of his successes. I once noticed an acknowledgement to him in Hardy and Wright's 'Theory of Numbers" and the next morning I called him "Dr. " Shaun was a perfect gentleman who never lost his temper except on purpose, and was an extremely good listener. I used to believe that he wouldn't interrupt a conversation even to mention that the war was over. Among other cryptanalysts who later joined the Newmanry was J.

W. Chandler, and A. W. M. Coombs. I believe that Michie and I had a small influence on the design of the first COLOSSUS and very important influence on MARK II. I was often able to recognize that HEATH ROBINSON had gone wrong and to diagnose the fault from the kind of noises that it made. The COLOSSUS was much more carefully engineered so that its faults could not usually be diagnosed by sound. This is a disadvantage of a well-built machine! In one sense HEATH ROBINSON was almost human since one of its ailments could be diagnosed by smell!

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