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2 F. Solmsen, "The Aristotelian Tradition in Ancient Rhetoric," AJP 62 (1941) 39, considers the KOLVat 7TluT€IS as one of Aristotle's innovations in ancient rhetoric. ry (induction). Kennedy 84-8S mentions the Prior Analytics as the work on logic from which the rhetorical enthymeme and example were developed. Kennedy also feels that the discussion of T67TOL in this section of Book II represents one of the earliest layers in the Rhetoric, whereas the theory of the enthymeme and example was added somewhat later.

The metaphor is introdueed by a eomparative word, WU7TEP: TT \ .... ",/.. L€ptKI\TjS \ €'fJTj I TTjV V€OTTjTa \ ' TTjV \ I , .... a7TOI\OfL€VTjV €V TCf! \ I 7TOI\€fLCf! ~I , ,/... 14IIa2-4) eVtaVTOV eg€AOt. Thus PericIes, for instance, said that the vanishing from their country of the young men who had fallen in the war was "as if the spring were taken out of the year". The seeond passage is at the beginning of ehapter 11, where Aristotle shifts from the proportional metaphor to metaphors that are graphie and aetive.

7Tpou8€UEt, on the other hand, may be supported by a phrase in [Demetrius] On Style; see below, chap. V n. SI. 42 39 Ancient Rhetorical Theories of Simile and Comparison We all naturally find it agreeable to get hold of new ideas easily ... it is from metaphor that we can best get hold of something fresh. . The similes of the poets do the same, and therefore, if they are good similes, give an effect of brilliance (&aTELov). The simile, as has been said before, is a metaphor, differing from it only in the way it is put; and just because it is longer it is less attractive.

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